Vintilă Mihăilescu is considered a leading cultural anthropologist in Romania and he is one of Romania’s leading public figures. His major anthropological work was presented in Fascinaţia Diferenței (The Fascination of Difference), which is a synthesis of more than 20 years of practical research in a Romanian village. The book is a testimony of the efforts of conserving and saving the rural tradition of the Romanian village. In 1997 he became head of the master program in anthropology at Bucharest University, Director of the Bucharest Rural Observatory. Since 1998 he regularly writes for the cultural weekly revue Dilema. In 2000 he becomes full professor at the National School for Political and Administrative Sciences in Bucharest (N.S.P.S.A.). Between 2005 and 2010 he was the Director of the Museum of the Romanian Peasant in Bucharest. He is head of the master program in Cultural and Social Anthropology at N.S.P.S.A.